Harbour seal

Name:
Harbour seal
Scientific name:
Phoca vitulina
Distribution:
Coastal waters of the northern hemisphere in the Atlantic and Pacific, also in the western and northern Baltic Sea
Description:
Round head, pelage in different colors and with different patches
Weight and size:
Up to 120 kg and 175 cm in length
Lifespan:
Approx. 35 years
Diet:
Fish (herring, sardines, salmon, flatfish, cod), crustaceans, snails, squid, mussels
Predator:
Grey seals, polar bears, largha seals, polar foxes, wolves
Threatened by:
Pollutants, hunting
IUCN red list status:
Least concern
Special features:
One of the most widely distributed species of pinniped
Recent research projects:
Germany, 2016, Kakuschke, researchers are investigating toxic pollutants in the blood of seals on Helgoland and in the Baltic Sea
Netherlands, 2013, Rebolledo, researchers examine stomachs of seals and could find plastic particles